Panchakarma (“Pancha” means five and “karma” means treatment) is done to detoxify the body according to Ayurveda. The five procedures are claimed to eliminate the vitiated Doshas from the body. They are Vamana (Emesis), Virechana (Purgation), Niroohavasti (Decoction enema), Nasya (Instillation of medicine through nostrils), and Anuvasanavasti (Oil enema).
It is important to prepare the body before carrying out these Panchakarmas.
Panchakarma works best with the utilization of medicated oils that helps in eliminating the impurities from the human body. The following process is followed before carrying out the Panchakarma procedure
Oleation includes use of oil or oily substance on the body. Ayurveda offers different oils made from various home grown and mineral ingredients mostly for external use. Aside from oils and ghee utilized especially for internal application. The fatty substance goes about as a viable medium, figures out how to achieve the more profound tissues, helps in carrying the medicinal ingredients every cell of the body and loosen up toxins stuck in the cells.
The treatments that produce sweat are called fomentation treatments. Oleation treatments are followed by the fomentation treatments. The tissues made delicate by oleation treatments become more flexible by fomentation therapies. Profound established toxins relaxed by oleation melt because of fomentation therapy and help it to flush out of the body.
Benefits of Panchakarma:
- Completely purifies the body
- Riddance of toxins
- Speeding up the metabolism
- Reducing weight
- Enhancing the strength of digestive fire
- Opening up of blocked channels
- Relaxing the mind and body
- Rejuvenation of tissues
- Boosts Immunity
- Relieves stress
is the purification treatment where the poisonous wastes are eliminated from the body through stringent Ayurvedic medicinal practices. The impurities that accumulate inside our body through various means like polluted air, unhealthy diet, chemicals, soil or water can be extremely dangerous and lead to undesirable health conditions messing up the normal body functionalities and reducing lifespan. Panchakarma has well defined methodologies for the total purification of human body.
The purification of human body is done through five processes:
- Vamana therapy
Vamana or emesis is medicated vomiting which removes toxins from the respiratory tract. The toxins in the respiratory tract, also known as kapha, are removed and the upper body is cleansed through oral medication which induces vomiting. This purification process expels kapha from its very root or source, leaving residue for no more toxins.
In Ayurveda, kapha is the mucus body and is made of earth and water. Kapha symbolizes density in body. Kapha dosha governs fluid balance in our body. It controls lubrication of joints and formation of nutritive fluids.
Virechana or medicated purgation ejects the pitta dosha from body and purifies harmful toxins accumulated in the liver and gall bladder. It purifies the gastro intestinal tract. Administered three days after vamana treatment, virechana cleanses the sweat glands, small intestine, kidneys, liver and spleen.
Purgation is the technique of strong laxation and there are many herbs that induce laxation. Some of them are senna, prune, flaxseed husk, dandelion root, salt, castor oil etc. virechana is an effective treatment against conditions like abdominal tumors, worms, indigestion, piles, jaundice, gout, bowel syndrome ,constipation and constipation related symptoms etc .
The prescribed medicinal herbs liquefy the pitta doshas and bring them into the abdomen. The purgation therapy allows the expulsion of wastes for the body that cannot be otherwise eliminated by vamana technique. The body’s most harmful wastes are brought down towards the large intestine to be expelled.
Nasya is the treatment which can cure many head related problems. The medicine is administered through the nose which acts as a pathway to the head. Nasya takes care of many head disorders and provides relief from stress, anxiety, hypertension etc . Nasya performs the cleaning action of head, hair, eyes and nose. It opens the channels to the head and improves oxygenation of head. Nasya is an exceptionally effective treatment for conditions like cervical spondylitis, headache, migraine, facial paralysis, hemiplegia, diseases of the nose, frozen shoulder, hemi crania, coryza, sinusitis, mental disorders, Parkinson’s and various skin complaints. It is also administered for symptoms like for dryness of the nose, sinus congestion, hoarseness, neurodegenerative conditions (ie multiple sclerosis), convulsions and certain eye and ear problems. Nasyakarma helps to prevent diseases of the head (urdhwanga). Vital medicinal herbs, oils and decoctions are administered through the nose. Different types of herbs are used for different ailments.
Nasya oil is considered as a balancing mixture which provides relief from numerous ailments like dry nasal passages, hoarse voice, stress, anxiety, fear, depression etc. Nasya cleans the head and opens it up for the inflow of tremendous positive energy that tends to circulate inside the human body bringing rejuvenation.
Vasthi is the process of medicated enema. A mixture of vital ayurvedic medicines are brought down to the rectum to promote elimination of harmful substances in the body. Vasthi eliminates mainly the vata dosha through rectum.
It helps to alleviate constipation, abdominal distention, chronic fever, the common cold, sexual disorders, kidney stones, heart pain, vomiting, backache, neck pain and hyperacidity. The medication is administered through the rectal route vasti provides general strength and an increased lifespan. It improves voice functions and takes care of the vocal cord. Vasti detoxifies the body and cleanses it.
This is a traditional ayurvedic method of letting impure blood leave the body thereby purifying the blood of harmful toxins that circulate within it. Conditions like infections and hypertension can be effectively treated by this practice. Toxins present in the gastro-intestinal tract are absorbed into the blood and circulated throughout the body. Raktamoksha is also prescribed for cases of enlarged liver, spleen and gout. Rakthamokshana initiates the detoxification of blood by neutralizing the toxins. The toxins that get absorbed into the blood from gastro intestinal tract and starts circulating within the body lead the way for numerous unhealthy medical conditions. This condition is called toxemia.